Encephalopathy with status epilepticus during sleep (ESES) is an age-related disorder characterized by neuropsychological regression, epilepsy and a typical EEG pattern of continuous epileptiform activity (> 85%) during NREM sleep. Cases of worsening or induction of ESES with phenytoin, carbamazepine and phenobarbital have been reported. We describe a child with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) in whom treatment with oxcarbazepine (OXC) induced ESES. The patient was studied through repeated clinical-neuropsychological evaluations and 24-hour EEG recordings. He was treated with OXC two months after epilepsy onset. One month after starting OXC, he developed an abrupt and severe cognitive deterioration. A 24-hour EEG and neuropsychological tests showed an electroclinical picture compatible with ESES. Withdrawal of OXC and introduction of other drugs were followed by a prompt improvement. Five months after ESES onset, a 24-hour EEG was normal. Our report indicates that OXC can induce ESES in BECTS.
- Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs)
- Benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS)
- Encephalopathy with status epilepticus during sleep (ESES)
- Idiopathic focal epilepsies of childhood
- Oxcarbazepine (OXC)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology