BACKGROUND: The most appropriate endo-therapeutic approach to biliary anastomotic strictures is yet to be defined.
AIM: To retrospectively report on the endo-therapy of duct-to-duct anastomotic strictures during 2013 in Italy.
METHODS: Data were collected from 16 Endoscopy Units at the Italian Liver Transplantation Centers (BASALT study group).
RESULTS: Complete endo-therapy and follow-up data are available for 181 patients: 101 treated with plastic multistenting, 26 with fully covered self-expandable metal stenting (SEMS) and 54 with single stenting. Radiological success was achieved for 145 patients (80%), i.e. 88% of plastic multistenting, 88% of SEMS and 61% of single stenting (p<0.001 vs plastic multistenting; p<0.05 vs SEMS)]. After first-line endo-therapy failure, the patients underwent a second-line endo-therapy with plastic multistenting for 25%, fully covered SEMS for 53% and single stenting for 22% of cases, and radiological success was achieved for 84%, i.e. 100%, 85%, and 63% with plastic multistenting, SEMS and single stenting (p<0.05 vs plastic multistenting or SEMS), respectively. Procedure-related complications occurred in 7.8% of ERCP. Overall clinical success was achieved in 87% of patients after a median follow-up of 25 months.
CONCLUSION: Plastic multistenting is confirmed as the preferred first-line treatment, while fully covered SEMS as rescue option for biliary anastomotic strictures. Single stenting has sub-optimal results and should be abandoned. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.