Surgical repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can be performed by means of either direct suturing of the diaphragm or positioning of a prosthetic patch. However, half of all prosthetic patches show evidence of reherniation. We describe the case of an 8-year-old girl who presented with prosthesis dislocation and fistulization in the right lower bronchus as a complication of a CDH repair that she underwent when she was 1 year old. Abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a hernia relapse, whereas chest computed tomographic scan failed to identify the diaphragmatic defect. Only fibrobronchoscopy allowed fistulization of the prosthesis into the bronchi to be correctly diagnosed.
- Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
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