We studied 13 porcine bioprostheses removed from patients with endocarditis at our institute during the last 4.5 years. All bioprostheses had been removed at reoperation and were analyzed using anatomical and histological techniques. Each bioprosthesis was found to have developed rather constant lesions which were not related to the type of bioprosthesis. The stage of infection was not related to the duration of implantation. The presence of perivalvular abscesses was an ominous finding, often being the seat of persistent endocarditis. Our good clinical results of reoperation lead us to suggest that this be performed early once valvular or prosthetic malfunction is detected. Bioprostheses are, in our experience, the best choice in the surgical treatement of prosthetic valve endocarditis.
- electron microscopy
- valve replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine