Bariatric surgery is nowadays an effective therapeutic option for morbid obesity. Endocrinologists may thus have a growing opportunity to diagnose and treat obese patients eligible for surgery in pre- and post-operative phase. This requires a better understanding of endocrine changes caused by either obesity or weight loss surgery. Despite the large number of studies available in literature, only limited well-designed clinical trials have been performed so far to investigate changes of endocrine axes following bariatric procedures. There are still areas of unclear results such as female and male fertility, however, weight loss after bariatric surgery is considered to be associated with favorable effects on most endocrine axes. The aim of this clinical review is to overview the available literature on the effects of weight loss after bariatric surgery on the endocrine systems to suggest the most appropriate pre- and post-operative management of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery in terms of "endocrine" health.
- Bariatric surgery
- Endocrine axes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism