Inhibitors of endocytosis have been used to show that internalization of superoxide dismutase is required for the enzyme to protect hepatocytes from the cytotoxicity of hydrogen peroxide. As shown previously (Starke, P. E., and Farber, J. L. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 10099-10104), superoxide dismutase prevented the killing of cultured hepatocytes by H2O2 generated in the medium by glucose oxidase. Five inhibitors of endocytosis, methylamine, monensin, benzyl alcohol, cytochalasin B, and oligomycin, each abolished the protective effect of superoxide dismutase. Cell-associated superoxide dismutase activity was increased 4-fold in hepatocytes after exposure to superoxide dismutase for 1 h. Each of the inhibitors abolished this increase in the cell-associated superoxide dismutase activity. The uptake of horseradish peroxidase, a measure of fluid phase endocytosis, differed from that of superoxide dismutase in its lower rate, reduced sensitivity to methylamine, and its insensitivity to cytochalasin B. The results of the present study demonstrate that endocytosis of superoxide dismutase is required to protect hepatocytes from the cytotoxicity of hydrogen peroxide. This conclusion may account for some of the conflicting results in the literature with respect to the protective action of superoxide dismutase.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
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