We sought to evaluate the relationships among circulating levels of an endogenous ouabain-like factor (EO) and systemic hemodynamics and left ventricular (LV) geometry in patients with recently diagnosed essential hypertension. We selected 92 never-treated patients with essential hypertension. Blood samples were drawn for estimation of plasma EO (radioimmunoassay) and subjects underwent echocardiographic examination to evaluate LV end-systolic and end-diastolic wall thickness and internal dimensions. LV volumes, stroke volume, cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, LV mass, and relative wall thickness were calculated, and all except the last parameter were indexed by body surface area. LV mass also was indexed by height2.7. On the basis of the values of LV mass index (body surface area or height2.7) and relative wall thickness, subjects were divided into groups with either normal geometry, concentric remodeling, concentric hypertrophy, or eccentric nondilated hypertrophy. In the study population as a whole, circulating EO levels were significantly and directly correlated with mean blood pressure (r = 0.21, P = .048), relative wall thickness (r = 0.34, P = .001), and total peripheral resistance index (r = 0.37, P = .0003). Plasma EO also was significantly and inversely correlated with LV end-diastolic volume index (r = -0.32, P = .002), stroke index (r = -0.34, P = .0009), and cardiac index (r = -0.35, P = .0007). In multiple regression analysis, plasma EO was an independent correlate of total peripheral resistance index, cardiac index, and relative wall thickness. Regardless of the indexation method used for LV mass, plasma EO was higher in patients with concentric remodeling than in those with either normal geometry or concentric hypertrophy. Plasma EO tended to be higher (indexation by body surface area) or was significantly higher (indexation by height2.7) in subjects with concentric remodeling than in those with eccentric nondilated hypertrophy. Patients with concentric remodeling showed the highest total peripheral resistance index and the lowest cardiac index. Our data suggest that EO plays a role in regulating systemic hemodynamics and LV geometry in patients with essential hypertension.
- Left ventricular geometry
- Systemic hemodynamics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine