Endoscopic intravesical fibrin glue application in the treatment of refractory hemorrhagic radiation cystitis: A single cohort pilot study

Pierluigi Bove, Valerio Iacovelli, Maria Cristina Tirindelli, Daniele Bianchi, Gerardo Paolo Flammia, Chiara Cipriani, Angelo Salvatore Ferraro, Matteo Ferro, William Arcese, Gianluca Ingrosso, Giuseppe Vespasiani, Enrico Finazzi Agrò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of endoscopic fibrin glue (FG) application therapy in treating hemorrhagic radiation cystitis (HRC). Patients and Methods: This is a single-cohort, prospective pilot study. We collected data from patients with HRC who were treated at our urology unit from May 2014 to December 2016. Patients with grade ≥2 HRC for whom conventional therapy and transurethral endoscopic electrocoagulation had failed were treated with endoscopic intravesical FG. The mean follow-up was 26.2 ± 9.78 months. Our analysis included data on patient demographics, pelvic malignancies, radiotherapy regimens, total dose of radiation received, time of onset and severity of hematuria, and previous intravesical management. Following FG intervention, patients' clinical status was defined as: (1) clinical response; absence of dysuria, urgency, and frequency; discontinuation of analgesic medication; and Foley catheter removal, but with ongoing hematuria grade <2; (2) complete response, clinical response, and no further hematuria; or (3) no response, no clinical response, and sustained hematuria. Results: A total of 20 patients (12 women and 8 men; mean age, 69 ± 7.5 years) were treated with 12 mL FG intravesically, using endoscopic application. Of the 20 patients, 16 (80%) had a complete response and 4 (20%) had a clinical response. In the case of four patients (20%), treatment was carried out twice. Mean hospital stay was 6 ± 2.5 days. The intervention showed good tolerability in all patients. No major adverse events were reported. Bladder spasms were the only minor adverse events reported in six patients (30%). Conclusion: Application of FG is an effective, practical, affordable, and repeatable procedure for the treatment of grade ≥2 HRC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • cystitis
  • endoscopic treatment
  • fibrin glue
  • hemorrhagic cystitis
  • hemorrhagic radiation cystitis
  • radiation cystitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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