Endoscopic surveillance for hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) family members in a Southern Italian region

Ilaria Esposito, Mario de Bellis, Annalisa de Leone, Giovan Battista Rossi, Francesco Selvaggi, Massimo Di Maio, Dario Musto, Maura C. Tracey, Pietro Marone, Pasquale Esposito, Alfonso Tempesta, Gabriele Riegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Surveillance in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) family members recommends baseline colonoscopy starting at age 20 and then surveillance colonoscopy every 1-2 years. Aims: To verify adherence to the guidelines for HNPCC family members enrolled in endoscopic surveillance. Methods: Data regarding 11 HNPCC families was retrieved from our database. Excluding 11 probands, 106 family members were evaluated and 40 underwent surveillance. Results: At baseline colonoscopy, 7 colorectal cancers (CRC), 14 polyps (PO) [1 inflammatory, 2 hyperplastic, 10 adenomas with low grade dysplasia (LGD-AD) and 1 adenoma with high-grade dysplasia (HGD-AD)] were diagnosed in sixteen individuals. Twenty-eight HNPCC family members underwent endoscopic surveillance, with a total of 94 surveillance colonoscopies. Of these, 45 were positive (4 CRC, 3 inflammatory PO, 34 hyperplastic PO, 21 LGD-AD and 5 HGD-AD).Mean time between two consecutive surveillance colonoscopies was 24.6 months (range 4-168). Median time to first positive surveillance colonoscopy was 84 months for HNPCC family members with negative baseline colonoscopy, and 60 months for those with positive baseline colonoscopy (p= 0.21). Conclusions: Our data suggests that surveillance colonoscopy every 2 years is adequate to diagnose advanced lesions in HNPCC family members, and improves their compliance with surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-703
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Endoscopic surveillance
  • Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer
  • HNPCC family members

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Cite this