Endoscopic ultrasonography in the evaluation of leiomyoma and extramucosal cysts of the esophagus

Milena Massari, Matilde De Simone, Ugo Cioffi, Francesco Gabrielli, Paolo Boccasanta, Luigi Bonavina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Leiomyoma is the most common type of benign esophageal tumor, whereas extramucosal cysts of the esophagus are congenital anomalies frequently asymptomatic in the adult and in most cases detected incidentally on chest x-ray. It is worthwhile considering these conditions together, because they present similar diagnostic and surgical problems. Conventional imaging tests do not lead to a precise diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of, and planning of treatment modalities for, these conditions. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen patients with esophageal leiomyoma and seven patients with extramucosal esophageal cysts were studied with endoscopic ultrasonography using an Olympus GF- EU-M3 instrument with a 7.5-12 MHz echoprobe. In all patients, the results of endoscopic ultrasonography were compared with the histology of the resected specimens. RESULTS: The histology of the resected specimens confirmed the endosonographic diagnosis in all patients. No malignancy was found in any specimen. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic ultrasonography is very accurate in visualizing these lesions and differentiating cystic from solid submucosal esophageal masses; in addition, the test can establish the exact location of the mass in relation to the esophageal wall and mediastinum. Therefore, endoscopic ultrasonography has a great impact in confirming the diagnosis of leiomyoma and extramucosal cysts of the esophagus and facilitates therapeutic decision-making because of its capacity to clearly define the size, layer of the origin, and pattern of the mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-943
Number of pages6
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Endoscopic ultrasonography
  • Esophagus
  • Extramucosal cysts of the esophagus
  • Leiomyoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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