It has been suggested that the extrinsic coagulation system plays a crucial role in the initiation of blood coagulation in atherosclerotic disease and that TFPI, the inhibitor of the factor VIIa/tissue factor complex, bound to the endothelial cells, could prevent in vivo blood clotting. Because obesity has a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, we measured TFPI antigen plasma levels (ng/mL) by ELISA at baseline and 5 minutes after an IV bolus of 20 IU/kg body weight of unfractionated commercial mucous heparin in 12 obese patients with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 41.4 ± 1.4 kg/m2 and 14 normal-weight control subjects (BMI 23.1 ± 1.3 kg/m2). All subjects were submitted to an OGTT. The obese patients displayed a normal glucose tolerance. However, they had a different glucose-induced hyperinsulinemia (14.9 ± 2.0 versus 7.8 ± 0.8 mU/L, p <0.01). Total serum cholesterol did not differ between controls and obese patients, whereas plasma triglycerides were higher in the latter group. Basal TFPI antigen plasma levels were similar in obese and controls (83.8 ± 5.0 versus 77.7 ± 3.5 ng/mL, p = N.S.). In contrast, after heparin a significantly lower rise in TFPI antigen plasma levels was observed in obese patients (319.3 ± 37.9 ng/mL) as compared to controls (511.2 ± 43.4 ng/mL) (p <0.003). Moreover, a significant inverse correlation was found between the heparin-stimulated TFPI antigen plasma levels and both BMI and basal plasma insulin concentrations. Thus, the link between insulin level and endothelial cell-associated TFPI could at least partially explain why obese patients are more prone to develop cardiovascular disorders.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
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