Endothelial cell migration and invasiveness are induced by a soluble factor produced by murine endothelioma cells transformed by polyoma virus middle T oncogene

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Abstract

Polyoma virus middle T-transformed murine endothelioma cell lines provide a useful model for studying vascular lesions such as hemangiomas, hemangiosarcomas, and Kaposi's sarcoma and tumor-associated angiogenesis. In vivo they produce fast-growing, hemorrhaging, cavernous blood-filled hemangiomas, mainly formed by recruited host endothelial cells, suggesting an angiogenesis-like process underlying the lesion. The molecular mechanism(s) responsible for the recruitment of host endothelial cells by endothelioma cells has not yet been identified. We found that five different cultured endothelioma cell lines produced a soluble factor, named endothelioma- derived motility factor (EDMF) that stimulates chemotaxis (motility induced by a gradient of soluble attractant), hapto-taxis (motility in response to substrate-bound attractant), and chemoinvasion (migration through a layer of reconstituted basement membrane, Matrigel) of normal human, bovine, and murine endothelial cells. The inhibitory effect of actinomycin D and of enzymatic treatment on its activity proved that EDMF is a protein. EDMF binds to heparin, since its activity was inhibited by heparin, and it was retained on a heparin-Sepharose column. Its molecular weight, as assessed by Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration, ranges from 40,000-65,000. Although in many aspects EDMF is similar to vascular permeability factor-vascular endothelial growth factor, this was not detected in endothelioma cell supernatants, as assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, thus indicating that EDMF might be related to, but is not identical with, vascular permeability factor. Our findings support the notion that recruitment of host endothelial cells by endothelioma cells in vivo might be mediated by a still unidentified, soluble factor that stimulates and directs endothelial cell migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3812-3816
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume53
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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