Preservation and storage techniques represent two major issues in routine cardiac surgery and heart transplantation. Historically, these methods were conceived to prevent ischemic injury to myocardium after cardiac arrest during heart operations. Evidence shows that endothelium plays a critical role in the maintenance of normal heart function after cardiac operation, mainly by controlling he coronary circulation. Methods for preservation and storage, developed initially to protect cardiomyocyte function, may be deleterious for vascular endothelium and compromise myocardial protection. In this review article the present knowledge about endothelial injury secondary to preservation and storage techniques is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine