Background: To assess endothelial function (EF) in type 2 diabetic patients with angiographically normal coronaries compared to diabetic patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and to non-diabetic patients, with and without CAD. Methods: One hundred eighty-three patients undergoing coronary angiography were divided in: group 1 with diabetes mellitus (DM) and CAD (n = 58); group 2 with DM without CAD (n = 58); group 3 with CAD without DM (n = 31) and group 4 without CAD and DM (n = 36). EF was assessed by reactive hyperemia index (RHI) using a fingertip peripheral arterial tonometry and compared to values obtained in 20 healthy volunteers. Results: RHI was significantly lower in patients with DM compared to patients without DM (1.69 ± 0.38 vs 1.84 ± 0.44; p = 0.019). RHI was comparable among groups 1, 2 and 3, each value being significantly lower compared to group 4 (2 ± 0.44; p <0.001 vs group 1; p <0.005 vs group 2; p <0.002 vs group 3). At multivariate analysis DM and CAD were significant predictors of endothelial dysfunction (ED) (OR = 2.29; p = 0.012; OR = 2.76; p = 0.001, respectively), whereas diabetic patients (n = 116) CAD and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) were independent significant predictors of ED (OR = 3.05; p = 0.009; OR = 1.96; p = 0.004, respectively). Diabetic patients with ED (n = 67) had higher levels of HbA1c than diabetic patients with normal endothelial function (7.35 ± 0.97 vs 6.87 ± 0.90; p = 0.008) and RHI inversely correlated to HbA1c (p = 0.02; r = - 0.210). Conclusions: Diabetic patients with and without CAD show significantly impaired peripheral vascular function compared to non-diabetic patients without CAD. ED in diabetic patients without CAD is comparable to that of patients with CAD but without DM. HbA1c is a weak independent predictor of ED.
- Coronary artery disease
- Endothelial dysfunction
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine