Endothelial progenitor cells in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction

Francesco Pelliccia, Vincenzo Pasceri, Cinzia Cianfrocca, Cristiana Vitale, Christian Pristipino, Giulio Speciale, Giuseppe Mercuro, Giuseppe Rosano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a key role in maintenance of endothelial integrity and postnatal neovascularization. We verified whether the number of subpopulations of EPCs is different in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and normal or impaired left ventricular (LV) function. Methods: Sixty-eight consecutive patients (37 men, age 60± 18 years) with CAD were studied. All patients underwent quantitative coronary angiography and flow cytometric analysis. Results: Patients with LV ejection fraction <45% (n= 22) were compared with those with normal function (n =46). The two groups had similar age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors, medical therapy, LV dimension, and number of diseased vessels. Patients with LV dysfunction, by study design, were more symptomatic and had a lower LV ejection fraction. The two groups had similar white cell count and mononuclear cells. The absolute number of CD34+ and CD133+ cells was significantly (P <0.05) higher in patients with LV dysfunction as compared with patients with normal function or healthy participants. In contrast, CD14+ cells were significantly (P = 0.005) lower in the former patients than in the latter, whereas no significant difference was noted in the number of cells positive for CD105 among groups. Conclusion: Subpopulations of EPCs have a discordant behavior in CAD patients with or without LV dysfunction, with cells positive for the endothelial markers CD34 and CD133 being increased and cells that promote vasculogenesis and microvascular development being significantly reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-308
Number of pages6
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Endothelial progenitor cells
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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