Endothelin and nitric oxide levels in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis

Livianna Speciale, Marina Sarasella, Stefania Ruzzante, Domenico Caputo, Roberta Mancuso, Maria Gaetana Calvo, Franca Rosa Guerini, Pasquale Ferrante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In order to investigate the potential role of endothelins (ETs) and nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) we evaluated the levels of these vasoactive mediators in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of relapsing remitting MS patients and in a group of subjects with other neurological diseases (OND) and in a control group of subjects without neurological disease. Eighty patients affected from clinically diagnosed MS were selected, 44 of them were studied during an acute clinical attack and 36 in a stable phase. The OND group included 21 subjects affected by degenerative non inflammatory (n = 9) and inflammatory (n = 12) neurological disease while the control group included 22 subjects with cancer of the prostate (n = 11) and with bladder disease (n = 11). ET levels were significantly increased in CSF of relapsing remitting MS patients with an acute clinical attack in comparison with those in a stable phase, the OND group and the control group. Moreover significant differences were observed among the four groups with regard to the NO levels: MS patients in a stable and acute phase like OND group have high levels of NO compared to the control group. Since the blood-brain barrier index values did not differ significantly between the three groups, the data of this study suggest an important role for NO and ET in cerebral microcirculation in MS patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of NeuroVirology
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Endothelins
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Neurology


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