Summary. The vascular endothelium has been recognized to have a central importance in maintaining vascular homeostasis and in preventing cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms underlying the regulation of its function are extremely complex, and are principally determined by physical forces imposed on the endothelium by the flowing blood. In the present paper, we describe the interactions between the rheological properties of blood and the vascular endothelium. The role of shear stress, viscosity, cell-cell interactions, as well as the molecular mechanisms that are important for the transduction of these signals are discussed both in physiology and in pathology, with a particular attention to the role of reactive oxygen species. In the final conclusions, we propose an hypothesis regarding the implications of changes in blood viscosity, and particularly on the significance of secondary hyperviscosity syndromes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health