Endovascular embolization of pial arteriovenous fistula fed from P1 segment of posterior cerebral artery in 12 years old girl: Case report and review of literature

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Abstract

Objective: Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare vascular lesions with peculiar epidemiological, morphological, and pathophysiological characteristics. Since there is no nidus, PAVF treatment has been performed by direct disconnection of the arteriovenous communication via a surgical, endovascular, or a combined approach. We aim to outline the relevant variables to consider in planning an endovascular treatment strategy. Methods: We present a case of a 12 year old girl with a single feeder PAVF originating from the first segment (P1) of the left posterior cerebral artery with a varicose venous drainage into the right cavernous sinus. Results: We report the successful endovascular exclusion of the fistula with the release of a total of 27 detachable platinum coils with no complications at follow-up. Treatment strategy and nuances are discussed along with a review of the literature. Conclusions: Morphology, age, embolization strategies, and materials are the different variables to be analyzed in the endovascular treatment of such lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-273
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroradiology Journal
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

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Posterior Cerebral Artery
Arteriovenous Fistula
Cavernous Sinus
Therapeutics
Platinum
Fistula
Blood Vessels
Drainage
Communication

Keywords

  • Endovascular embolization
  • Pial arteriovenous fistula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{3df388eb8de047b9ae9ba28081e0e0d0,
title = "Endovascular embolization of pial arteriovenous fistula fed from P1 segment of posterior cerebral artery in 12 years old girl: Case report and review of literature",
abstract = "Objective: Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare vascular lesions with peculiar epidemiological, morphological, and pathophysiological characteristics. Since there is no nidus, PAVF treatment has been performed by direct disconnection of the arteriovenous communication via a surgical, endovascular, or a combined approach. We aim to outline the relevant variables to consider in planning an endovascular treatment strategy. Methods: We present a case of a 12 year old girl with a single feeder PAVF originating from the first segment (P1) of the left posterior cerebral artery with a varicose venous drainage into the right cavernous sinus. Results: We report the successful endovascular exclusion of the fistula with the release of a total of 27 detachable platinum coils with no complications at follow-up. Treatment strategy and nuances are discussed along with a review of the literature. Conclusions: Morphology, age, embolization strategies, and materials are the different variables to be analyzed in the endovascular treatment of such lesions.",
keywords = "Endovascular embolization, Pial arteriovenous fistula",
author = "Daniele Bongetta and Elvis Lafe and Raffaelino Pugliese and Andrea Cattalani and Paolo Gaetani and Thyrion, {Federico Zappoli}",
year = "2015",
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day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1971400915589690",
language = "English",
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T1 - Endovascular embolization of pial arteriovenous fistula fed from P1 segment of posterior cerebral artery in 12 years old girl

T2 - Case report and review of literature

AU - Bongetta, Daniele

AU - Lafe, Elvis

AU - Pugliese, Raffaelino

AU - Cattalani, Andrea

AU - Gaetani, Paolo

AU - Thyrion, Federico Zappoli

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - Objective: Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare vascular lesions with peculiar epidemiological, morphological, and pathophysiological characteristics. Since there is no nidus, PAVF treatment has been performed by direct disconnection of the arteriovenous communication via a surgical, endovascular, or a combined approach. We aim to outline the relevant variables to consider in planning an endovascular treatment strategy. Methods: We present a case of a 12 year old girl with a single feeder PAVF originating from the first segment (P1) of the left posterior cerebral artery with a varicose venous drainage into the right cavernous sinus. Results: We report the successful endovascular exclusion of the fistula with the release of a total of 27 detachable platinum coils with no complications at follow-up. Treatment strategy and nuances are discussed along with a review of the literature. Conclusions: Morphology, age, embolization strategies, and materials are the different variables to be analyzed in the endovascular treatment of such lesions.

AB - Objective: Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are rare vascular lesions with peculiar epidemiological, morphological, and pathophysiological characteristics. Since there is no nidus, PAVF treatment has been performed by direct disconnection of the arteriovenous communication via a surgical, endovascular, or a combined approach. We aim to outline the relevant variables to consider in planning an endovascular treatment strategy. Methods: We present a case of a 12 year old girl with a single feeder PAVF originating from the first segment (P1) of the left posterior cerebral artery with a varicose venous drainage into the right cavernous sinus. Results: We report the successful endovascular exclusion of the fistula with the release of a total of 27 detachable platinum coils with no complications at follow-up. Treatment strategy and nuances are discussed along with a review of the literature. Conclusions: Morphology, age, embolization strategies, and materials are the different variables to be analyzed in the endovascular treatment of such lesions.

KW - Endovascular embolization

KW - Pial arteriovenous fistula

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