Endovascular stenting of the ascending aorta for type A aortic dissections in patients at high risk for open surgery

S. Ronchey, E. Serrao, V. Alberti, S. Fazzini, S. Trimarchi, J. L. Tolenaar, N. Mangialardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Open repair is the gold standard for type A aortic dissection (TAAD). Endovascular option has been proposed in very limited and selected TAAD patients. We report our experience with endovascular TAAD repair. Methods: Inclusion criteria were: (1) entry tear in the ascending aorta; (2) proximal landing zone of at least 2 cm; (3) distance between entry tear and brachio-cephalic trunk of at least 0.5 cm; (4) no signs of cardiac tamponade or severe aortic regurgitation and (5) no signs of aortic branches ischaemia. Patients with cardiac revascularisation from ascending aorta were excluded. Results: From April 2009 to June 2012, 37 patients with TAAD were admitted to our hospital. As many as 28 underwent surgical repair and 9 were considered at high surgical risk in a multidisciplinary meeting. Four met our inclusion criteria for an endovascular approach. Two of them had previous ascending aortic repair for TAAD and one had aortic valve replacement. Technical success was achieved in 100% of the patients. No mortality was registered during a median follow-up of 15 months (range 4-39 months), no migration of the graft and complete false lumen thrombosis of the ascending aorta in three patients. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of TAAD is challenging but feasible in a selected subset of patients. Further research remains mandatory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-480
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • ascending aorta
  • dissection
  • endovascular repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Endovascular stenting of the ascending aorta for type A aortic dissections in patients at high risk for open surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this