Endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms of the abdominal aorta with covered stents.

G. Melissano, C. Di Mario, Y. Tschomba, A. Anzuini, A. Del Maschio, A. Colombo, R. Chiesa

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Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysms are common in the aging population; their surgical treatment is well established and allows good results in specialized centers. Endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms has been shown to be feasible since 1991 and nowadays commercially available bifurcated endografts allow safe exclusion in selected cases. In the last year 22 patients with an aorto-iliac aneurysm received endovascular treatment at our Institution. We included patients with favorable anatomic characteristics (i.e. neck > 15 mm length, and <28 mm diameter, iliac neck <12 mm diameter, absence of > 90 degrees iliac or aortic angulation) and, in particular, those with increased surgical risk for systemic pathology (12 patients), or hostile abdomen (9 patients). We employed Vanguard II (Boston Scientific) endovascular grafts introduced through a surgically exposed common femoral artery; the contralateral limb of bifurcated grafts was inserted percutaneously. The endograft was successfully implanted in all cases, requiring additional iliac cuffs for complete aneurysm exclusion in 3 cases. Periprocedural morbidity included one case of thrombosis and one case of pseudoaneurysm of the punctured femoral artery, which required surgical treatment. In one case surgical exposure of the iliac artery was required in order to advance the device into the aorta. In one patient who previously underwent hemicolectomy, postoperative colonic ischemia was observed, and pharmacological treatment was required. Moreover we also observed one case of groin infection that was treated successfully with local wound care and systemic antibiotics, and one late contralateral limb thrombosis that was successfully treated with loco-regional thrombolysis. The mean follow-up was 6.1 months: one patient died because of congestive heart failure. No further morbidity was recorded. A type-II endoleak was observed in one patient, originating from the inferior mesenteric artery with no sac enlargement; this patient is still under observation. In conclusion, with proper clinical selection, commercially available endovascular devices allow safe exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Long-term follow-up is needed to ascertain the durability of the procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-956
Number of pages8
JournalCardiologia
Volume44
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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