Energy Balance–Related Behaviors, Perinatal, Sociodemographic, and Parental Risk Factors Associated with Obesity in Italian Preschoolers

Blegina Shashaj, Maria P. Graziani, Benedetta Contoli, Cristina Ciuffo, Claudia Cives, Sandra Facciolini, Maria L. Rigoni, Stefania Spaterna, Mauro Taucci, Massimiliano Raponi, Melania Manco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The obesity epidemic stems from the complex interplay between genetics and environmental factors. Identifying age-specific risk factors in preschoolers may allow implementing more effective intervention strategies. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the association of overweight/obesity with several perinatal, parental, socioeconomic status (SES), and lifestyle-related risk factors in a large sample of Italian preschoolers. Methods: One thousand eleven children (age 2.0 to 5.7 years) were included in the study. Family pediatricians measured weight and height and collected information on obesity risk factors by means of questionnaires. Perinatal risk factors were recalled from electronic medical records. Weight status was defined according to cutoffs of the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). Results: Seven hundred sixty-four children (75.6%) were normal weight, and 247 (24.4%) were overweight/obese. Multivariate analysis showed that skipping breakfast (odds ratio [OR] = 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32–10.51), daily drinking of sugar-sweetened beverages (OR = 2.0; 95% CI, 1.02–4.03), meat consumption

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Feb 27 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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