Energy cost and efficiency of Venetian rowing on a traditional, flat hull boat (Bissa)

Carlo Capelli, C. Tarperi, F. Schena, A. Cevese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The total net metabolic power output (Ė, kW) required to scull a traditional, flat hull boat - the "Bissa", 9.02 m long and weighting about 500 kg including the crew - was assessed at different constant speeds (ν) ranging from 2.44 to 3.75 m s-1. Ė increased with the speed: Ė = 0.417 × e0.664ν; r2 = 0.931. The amount of metabolic energy spent per unit distance (C, J m-1) to move the "Bissa", calculated by dividing Ė by the corresponding ν, was a linear function of ν: C = 0.369 ν -0.063; r2 = 0.821. The hydrodynamic resistance met by the boat in the water - drag (D, N) - was estimated by analysing the decay of the reciprocal of ν as a function of time measured during several spontaneous deceleration tests carried out in still water and by knowing the total mass of the watercraft plus crew. D increased as a square function of speed: D = 12.76 v2. This allowed us to calculate the drag efficiency (ηd), as the ratio of D to C: ηd increased from 8.9 to 13.7% in the range of the speeds tested. The "Bissa" turned out to be as economical as other flat hull, traditional watercrafts, such as the bigger Venetian gondola, and her ηd was similar to that of other modern and traditional watercrafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-661
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume105
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Ships
Costs and Cost Analysis
Dilatation and Curettage
Deceleration
Water
Hydrodynamics
Skull

Keywords

  • Efficiency
  • Energy cost of rowing
  • Venetian rowing
  • Water drag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Energy cost and efficiency of Venetian rowing on a traditional, flat hull boat (Bissa). / Capelli, Carlo; Tarperi, C.; Schena, F.; Cevese, A.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 105, No. 4, 2009, p. 653-661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dc6395259eef4622a10e3666334570d3,
title = "Energy cost and efficiency of Venetian rowing on a traditional, flat hull boat (Bissa)",
abstract = "The total net metabolic power output (Ė, kW) required to scull a traditional, flat hull boat - the {"}Bissa{"}, 9.02 m long and weighting about 500 kg including the crew - was assessed at different constant speeds (ν) ranging from 2.44 to 3.75 m s-1. Ė increased with the speed: Ė = 0.417 × e0.664ν; r2 = 0.931. The amount of metabolic energy spent per unit distance (C, J m-1) to move the {"}Bissa{"}, calculated by dividing Ė by the corresponding ν, was a linear function of ν: C = 0.369 ν -0.063; r2 = 0.821. The hydrodynamic resistance met by the boat in the water - drag (D, N) - was estimated by analysing the decay of the reciprocal of ν as a function of time measured during several spontaneous deceleration tests carried out in still water and by knowing the total mass of the watercraft plus crew. D increased as a square function of speed: D = 12.76 v2. This allowed us to calculate the drag efficiency (ηd), as the ratio of D to C: ηd increased from 8.9 to 13.7{\%} in the range of the speeds tested. The {"}Bissa{"} turned out to be as economical as other flat hull, traditional watercrafts, such as the bigger Venetian gondola, and her ηd was similar to that of other modern and traditional watercrafts.",
keywords = "Efficiency, Energy cost of rowing, Venetian rowing, Water drag",
author = "Carlo Capelli and C. Tarperi and F. Schena and A. Cevese",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1007/s00421-008-0949-6",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "653--661",
journal = "European Journal of Applied Physiology",
issn = "1439-6319",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy cost and efficiency of Venetian rowing on a traditional, flat hull boat (Bissa)

AU - Capelli, Carlo

AU - Tarperi, C.

AU - Schena, F.

AU - Cevese, A.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The total net metabolic power output (Ė, kW) required to scull a traditional, flat hull boat - the "Bissa", 9.02 m long and weighting about 500 kg including the crew - was assessed at different constant speeds (ν) ranging from 2.44 to 3.75 m s-1. Ė increased with the speed: Ė = 0.417 × e0.664ν; r2 = 0.931. The amount of metabolic energy spent per unit distance (C, J m-1) to move the "Bissa", calculated by dividing Ė by the corresponding ν, was a linear function of ν: C = 0.369 ν -0.063; r2 = 0.821. The hydrodynamic resistance met by the boat in the water - drag (D, N) - was estimated by analysing the decay of the reciprocal of ν as a function of time measured during several spontaneous deceleration tests carried out in still water and by knowing the total mass of the watercraft plus crew. D increased as a square function of speed: D = 12.76 v2. This allowed us to calculate the drag efficiency (ηd), as the ratio of D to C: ηd increased from 8.9 to 13.7% in the range of the speeds tested. The "Bissa" turned out to be as economical as other flat hull, traditional watercrafts, such as the bigger Venetian gondola, and her ηd was similar to that of other modern and traditional watercrafts.

AB - The total net metabolic power output (Ė, kW) required to scull a traditional, flat hull boat - the "Bissa", 9.02 m long and weighting about 500 kg including the crew - was assessed at different constant speeds (ν) ranging from 2.44 to 3.75 m s-1. Ė increased with the speed: Ė = 0.417 × e0.664ν; r2 = 0.931. The amount of metabolic energy spent per unit distance (C, J m-1) to move the "Bissa", calculated by dividing Ė by the corresponding ν, was a linear function of ν: C = 0.369 ν -0.063; r2 = 0.821. The hydrodynamic resistance met by the boat in the water - drag (D, N) - was estimated by analysing the decay of the reciprocal of ν as a function of time measured during several spontaneous deceleration tests carried out in still water and by knowing the total mass of the watercraft plus crew. D increased as a square function of speed: D = 12.76 v2. This allowed us to calculate the drag efficiency (ηd), as the ratio of D to C: ηd increased from 8.9 to 13.7% in the range of the speeds tested. The "Bissa" turned out to be as economical as other flat hull, traditional watercrafts, such as the bigger Venetian gondola, and her ηd was similar to that of other modern and traditional watercrafts.

KW - Efficiency

KW - Energy cost of rowing

KW - Venetian rowing

KW - Water drag

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=59449091872&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=59449091872&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-008-0949-6

DO - 10.1007/s00421-008-0949-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 19050909

AN - SCOPUS:59449091872

VL - 105

SP - 653

EP - 661

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 4

ER -