Energy expenditure and nutritional adequacy of rehabilitation paraplegics with asymptomatic bacteriuria and pressure sores

R. Aquilani, F. Boschi, A. Contardi, C. Pistarini, M. P. Achilli, G. Fizzotti, S. Moroni, M. Catapano, M. Verri, O. Pastoris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To measure resting energy expenditure (REE) in a group of people with postacute paraplegia, quantify the impact of asymptomatic bacteriuria and pressure sore(s) on patients' metabolic rate, and estimate the adequacy of patients' nutritional intakes to preserve patients' protein levels. Material and methods: Ten males with post-acute paraplegia aged 42.1 ± 18.7 years. We evaluated: height, body mass index (BMI), resting energy expenditure (REE), total daily calorie requirement (E), 24-h urine creatinine excretion (Cru), creatinine index (CI), and nitrogen balance (NB). Results: Subjects with paraplegia showed high erythrocyte sedimentation rates. As a group, they had normal resting calorie consumption when REE was normalized for unit of urine creatinine (REE/Cru), it was higher in patients than in controls. Six of the 10 patients had a low calorie intake: of these only three had a negative nitrogen balance. Conclusion: In conclusion, the resting energy expenditure of the subjects with significant bacteriuria and pressure sore(s) of 23.7 kcal/kg/day suggests that a large portion of patients may have an inadequate calorie protein intake to preserve their nutritional status. The clinical significance of this study is that 28.5 kcal/kg/day may be the lower calorie threshold to meet the metabolic demands of people with apyretic paraplegia with bacteriuria and pressure sore(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-441
Number of pages5
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Asymptomatic bacteriuria
  • Inadequate calorie intake
  • Pressure sore(s)
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Aquilani, R., Boschi, F., Contardi, A., Pistarini, C., Achilli, M. P., Fizzotti, G., Moroni, S., Catapano, M., Verri, M., & Pastoris, O. (2001). Energy expenditure and nutritional adequacy of rehabilitation paraplegics with asymptomatic bacteriuria and pressure sores. Spinal Cord, 39(8), 437-441. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3101179