Energy, macronutrients and laryngeal cancer risk

C. Bosetti, C. La Vecchia, R. Talamin, E. Negri, F. Levi, J. Fryzek, J. K. McLaughlin, W. Garavello, S. Franceschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: A role for diet in laryngeal carcinogenesis has been suggested, but only a few studies have examined the potential relationship with a wide variety of macronutrients. Patients and methods: A case-control study was conducted between 1992 and 2000 in Italy and Switzerland, including 527 incident cases of laryngeal cancer, and 1297 controls hospitalized for acute, non-neoplastic conditions. The subjects' usual diet was investigated through a validated food frequency questionnaire, including 78 foods and beverages. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression models. Results: Cases reported higher energy intake than controls. The continuous OR for 100 kcal/day was 1.16 (95% CI 1.12-1.21) for alcohol energy, and 1.02 (95% CI 1.01-1.04) for non-alcohol energy. A significantly increased risk of laryngeal cancer was observed for animal protein (continuous OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.03-1.41), polyunsaturated fats other than linoleic and linolenic fatty acids (OR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.19-1.70), and cholesterol intake (OR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.19-1.71). Laryngeal cancer risk was slightly reduced with increasing vegetable protein (OR = 0.75, 95% CI 0.62-0.91), sugar (OR = 0.84, 95% CI 0.71-1.00) and monounsaturated fatty acid intake (OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.70-0.99). Conclusions: Laryngeal cancer cases have a higher energy intake than control subjects, and report a higher intake of animal protein and cholesterol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-912
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003


  • Case-control study
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Nutrients
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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