P75/AIRM1 is a recently identified surface molecule that belongs to the sialoadhesin family and displays homology with the myeloid cell antigen CD33. In lymphoid cells, p75/AIRM1 is confined to natural killer cells and mediates inhibition of their cytolytic activity. In this study, we show that p75/AIRM1 is also expressed by cells of the myelomonocytic cell lineage, in which it appears at a later stage as compared with CD33. In vitro proliferation and differentiation of cord blood-derived CD34+ cells (induced by stem cell factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor) were consistently inhibited by the addition of anti-p75/AIRM1 mAb. Engagement of CD33 led to inhibition in some experiments. A sharp decrease of cell proliferation/survival was detected in all three p75/AIRM1+ chronic myeloid leukemias analyzed when cultured in the presence of either anti-p75/AIRM1 or anti-CD33 mAbs. Thus, the present study suggests that p75/AIRM1 and CD33 may play a regulatory role in normal myelopoiesis and may be viewed as suitable target molecules to counteract the proliferation/survival of chronic myeloid leukemias.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 21 1999|
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