Engineered Escherichia coli as new source of flavonoids and terpenoids

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During the last two decades, the engineered biosynthesis of several natural products by microbial sources has made enormous progresses. Noteworthy, Escherichia coli has been used as microbial power plant for the artificial biosynthesis of different types of molecules for both biological and clinical applications. Among natural products, especially flavonoids and terpenoids are particularly attractive because of the high variety of their biochemical activities including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-obesity and anti-cancer properties.Here we are reviewing the characteristics of E. coli engineering and its "cell factory" properties to synthesize natural products. This review focuses on the exploitation of E. coli biochemical networking for the specific synthesis of flavonoids and terpenoids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1084-1095
Number of pages12
JournalFood Research International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013


  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Escherichia coli
  • Flavonoids
  • Metabolic engineering
  • Terpenoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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