Enhanced recovery pathways in thoracic surgery from Italian VATS Group: Perioperative analgesia protocols

Federico Piccioni, Matteo Segat, Stefano Falini, Marzia Umari, Olga Putina, Lucio Cavaliere, Riccardo Ragazzi, Domenico Massullo, Marco Taurchini, Carlo Del Naja, Andrea Droghetti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive technique that allows a faster recovery after thoracic surgery. Although enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) principles seem reasonably applicable to thoracic surgery, there is little literature on the application of such a strategy in this context. In regard to pain management, ERAS pathways promote the adoption of a multimodal strategy, tailored to the patients. This approach is based on combining systemic and loco-regional analgesia to favour opioid-sparing strategies. Thoracic paravertebral block is considered the first-line loco-regional technique for VATS. Other techniques include intercostal nerve block and serratus anterior plane block. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol are essential part of the multimodal treatment of pain. Also, adjuvant drugs can be useful as opioid-sparing agents. Nevertheless, the treatment of postoperative pain must take into account opioid agents too, if necessary. All above is useful for careful planning and execution of a multimodal analgesic treatment to enhance the recovery of patients. This article summarizes the most recent evidences from literature and authors' experiences on perioperative multimodal analgesia principles for implementing an ERAS program after VATS lobectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S555-S563
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Pain management
  • Regional analgesia
  • Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Piccioni, F., Segat, M., Falini, S., Umari, M., Putina, O., Cavaliere, L., Ragazzi, R., Massullo, D., Taurchini, M., Naja, C. D., & Droghetti, A. (2018). Enhanced recovery pathways in thoracic surgery from Italian VATS Group: Perioperative analgesia protocols. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 10, S555-S563. https://doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2017.12.86