Enhancement of Cardiac Store Operated Calcium Entry (SOCE) within Novel Intercalated Disk Microdomains in Arrhythmic Disease

Ingrid M Bonilla, Andriy E Belevych, Stephen Baine, Andrei Stepanov, Louisa Mezache, Tom Bodnar, Bin Liu, Pompeo Volpe, Silvia Priori, Noah Weisleder, Galina Sakuta, Cynthia A Carnes, Przemysław B Radwański, Rengasayee Veeraraghavan, Sandor Gyorke

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Abstract

Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), a major Ca2+ signaling mechanism in non-myocyte cells, has recently emerged as a component of Ca2+ signaling in cardiac myocytes. Though it has been reported to play a role in cardiac arrhythmias and to be upregulated in cardiac disease, little is known about the fundamental properties of cardiac SOCE, its structural underpinnings or effector targets. An even greater question is how SOCE interacts with canonical excitation-contraction coupling (ECC). We undertook a multiscale structural and functional investigation of SOCE in cardiac myocytes from healthy mice (wild type; WT) and from a genetic murine model of arrhythmic disease (catecholaminergic ventricular tachycardia; CPVT). Here we provide the first demonstration of local, transient Ca2+ entry (LoCE) events, which comprise cardiac SOCE. Although infrequent in WT myocytes, LoCEs occurred with greater frequency and amplitude in CPVT myocytes. CPVT myocytes also evidenced characteristic arrhythmogenic spontaneous Ca2+ waves under cholinergic stress, which were effectively prevented by SOCE inhibition. In a surprising finding, we report that both LoCEs and their underlying protein machinery are concentrated at the intercalated disk (ID). Therefore, localization of cardiac SOCE in the ID compartment has important implications for SOCE-mediated signaling, arrhythmogenesis and intercellular mechanical and electrical coupling in health and disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10179
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2019

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Bonilla, I. M., Belevych, A. E., Baine, S., Stepanov, A., Mezache, L., Bodnar, T., Liu, B., Volpe, P., Priori, S., Weisleder, N., Sakuta, G., Carnes, C. A., Radwański, P. B., Veeraraghavan, R., & Gyorke, S. (2019). Enhancement of Cardiac Store Operated Calcium Entry (SOCE) within Novel Intercalated Disk Microdomains in Arrhythmic Disease. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 10179. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46427-x