Enhancing activity engagement in persons with multiple disabilities by adding prompts to contingent stimulation: Two single-case studies

Giulio E. Lancioni, Nirbhay N. Singh, Mark F. O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Gloria Alberti, Doretta Oliva, Adele Boccasini, Maria L. La Martire, Serafino Buono, Grazia Trubia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present two single-case studies assessed the use of automatic prompting/encouragement with two adults with extensive multiple disabilities. In both studies, the prompt/encouragement events consisted of one- or two-word statements that followed the stimulation occurring contingent on the activity responses during the intervention phases of the study. Stimulation and prompt/encouragement events were regulated through a technology-aided program. Study I involved an ABCACABC sequence, in which A represented baseline phases, B intervention phases with stimulation contingent on activity responses, and C intervention phases with stimulation and prompt/encouragement statements. Study II involved a CBC sequence. The results of both studies showed improvements in the participants' performance during the C phases (i.e., the length of the sessions decreased and virtually no guidance from the research assistants was required). Implications of the findings were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-20
Number of pages14
JournalLife Span and Disability
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Activity engagement
  • Automatic prompts
  • Multiple disabilities
  • Technology-aided programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health(social science)

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