Enlightening chronic obstructive pulmonary disease through patients' and caregivers' narratives

Valeria Gatti, Paolo Banfi, Stefano Centanni, Salvatore D'Antonio, Saffi Giustini, Alessio Piraino, Marco Zibellini, Maria Giulia Marini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The primary aim of this research was to raise awareness for COPD through real narratives of patients, caregivers, and pulmonologists. The second objective includes providing clinicians new means of caring for and treating patients with COPD.

Methods: Using narrative medicine, testimonies from patients, their caregivers, and clinicians were collected through an online questionnaire enriched by a narrative plot. Narrations were analyzed throughout descriptive statistics and an elaboration of recurring words and expressions.

Results: Throughout the project, 350 narratives were collected from 235 patients, 55 caregivers, and 60 physicians. Though a generally neutral reaction had been observed upon diagnosis, COPD had been found to have a high impact on the patients' and caregivers' lives. Metaphors utilized by patients and caregivers were suggestive of fear and panic unlike those utilized by clinicians who usually had a more technical approach. Smoking was a significant concern for not only patients and caregivers but also clinicians.

Conclusion: Physicians are therefore challenged to find new ways of communicating COPD to raise awareness on this pathology and encourage corrective habits. An important social objective should be the implementation of a health system that is able to optimize patients' and caregivers' lives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3095-3105
Number of pages11
JournalInternational journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • communication
  • COPD
  • narrative medicine
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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