ENOS gene influences platelet phenotype in acute coronary syndrome patients on dual antiplatelet treatment

Cinzia Fatini, Elena Sticchi, Paola Bolli, Rossella Marcucci, Betti Giusti, Rita Paniccia, Anna Maria Gori, Gian Franco Gensini, Rosanna Abbate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nitric Oxide (NO) plays a relevant role in regulating platelet recruitment and eNOS is the major isoform known to be expressed in platelets. Polymorphisms in the eNOS gene with a reduced NO availability might affect platelet phenotype. The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of eNOS786T > C, 894G > T and 4a/4b polymorphisms in modulating platelet phenotype in 1442 acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients on dual antiplatelet therapy, previously investigated in relation to platelet function. Platelet aggregation on platelet-rich plasma after collagen (2 μg/mL), ADP (10 μM) and arachidonic acid (AA) (1 mM) stimuli and the genetic analysis of eNOS polymorphisms were assessed. In subjects carrying the eNOS 4a and -786C alleles a significantly higher maximal platelet aggregation value after AA was found (p = 0.02 and p = 0.047, respectively). eNOS 4a but not -786C allele weakly influenced platelet aggregation after collagen stimulus (p = 0.05). eNOS 4a allele significantly and independently influenced AA-induced platelet aggregation (p = 0.01). A significantly higher percentage of patients with AA-induced high residual platelet reactivity (RPR) was found in subjects carrying both eNOS 4a and -786C allele (p = 0.03 and p 0.04, respectively). At logistic multivariate analysis, the eNOS 4a allele significantly influenced the AA-induced high residual platelet reactivity (p = 0.02). This study evidences a role for eNOS gene in moderately, but significantly, modulating platelet phenotype in a high-risk population on dual antiplatelet treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-554
Number of pages7
JournalPlatelets
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • ENOS gene polymorphisms
  • Platelet function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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