In this paper we describe the establishment of four anti-DNA-producing lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL) by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection of peripheral blood B-cells from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. The LCL showed a heterogeneous cell composition: the frequencies of cells in active proliferation, cells secreting IgG or IgM, and cells effectively producing IgG or IgM anti-DNA were estimated by limiting dilution analysis. The cells producing anti-DNA antibodies were a small fraction of the whole cell population constituting the LCL. In order to enrich the fraction of cells producing the desired antibody we performed a positive selection by DNA-coated immunomagnetic beads. Results show that in two out of three IgG anti-DNA-secreting LCL the frequency of DNA-producing cells increased after incubation with DNA-coated beads. At variance, IgM anti-DNA-secreting cells were completely lost after immunomagnetic separation. This approach could represent a further tool to obtain better fusion partners to construct stable hybrids secreting human monoclonal antibodies. The advantages of the presented technique would be: (a) removing of the fraction of low-affinity IgM-producing cells, which is often prevalent in EBV-induced LCL; and (b) the enrichment of IgG anti-DNA producing cells, which better represent the antibodies involved in the pathogenesis of the disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine