Enteral formulas in children: Which is the best choice?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are a wide variety of nutritionally complete pediatric feeds available for enteral nutrition; the correct choice should be based on the following aspects: gut function, age, specific nutrient requirement, and route of feeding administration. In patients with normal gut function, the choice of feeding formula depends on age and specific requirements; in patients > 1 year of age, polymeric formulas are preferred, and the employ of homemade/blenderized enteral feedings should be discouraged. Specific formulas are available in patients with special nutrient requirement and normal gut function. These formulas are modified by adding fiber and increasing caloric content or adapting to specific needs of patients' disease. If the enteral feeding is postpyloric, isotonic solutions are preferred. In patients with altered gut function, semi-elemental and elemental formulas are indicated, in spite of age, special nutritional needs, as well as route of administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalNutritional Therapy and Metabolism
Volume28
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Enteral nutrition
  • Feeding formula
  • Pediatric age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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