Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas

C. Minoia, G. Meroni, C. Aprea, M. C. Oppezzo, S. Magnaghi, G. Sciarra, A. Barisano, M. L. Fiorentino, A. Berri, M. Bellinzona, F. S. Robustelli Della Cuna, F. Frigerio, A. Schiavi, L. Di Gregorio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A study using individual dosimetry to evaluate the daily inhaled dose of sixteen aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in three groups of primary school children, living in three Italian towns with 50 000 inhabitants or less, (Treviglio-Lombardy; Poggibonsi-Tuscany; Valenza-Piedmont) is presented. The simultaneous use of two passive samplers (radial diffusion) for each child, for a 24 h period, determined both the indoor and indoor + outdoor environmental reference concentrations. We measured the urinary levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes for each child and hence determined the urinary reference values for BTEx. We also considered the possibility of using benzene in urine as a biomarker of environmental exposure of the general population to this xenobiotic. We evaluated how both the environmental and biological measures were influenced by the presence of smokers in the surveyed children's houses. For the group of children living in Poggibonsi, we considered the influence of the living area and the traffic density on environmental concentrations of benzene (indoor and indoor + outdoor).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-182
Number of pages20
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume192
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 1996

Fingerprint

Hydrocarbons
Benzene
urban area
hydrocarbon
Dosimetry
Xylenes
Ethylbenzene
benzene
Toluene
Biomarkers
Xenobiotics
Xylene
radial diffusion
BTEX
aliphatic hydrocarbon
xenobiotics
aromatic hydrocarbon
piedmont
urine
sampler

Keywords

  • environmental micropollutants
  • individual dosimetry
  • reference values
  • urban areas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Minoia, C., Meroni, G., Aprea, C., Oppezzo, M. C., Magnaghi, S., Sciarra, G., ... Di Gregorio, L. (1996). Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas. Science of the Total Environment, 192(2), 163-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05312-0

Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas. / Minoia, C.; Meroni, G.; Aprea, C.; Oppezzo, M. C.; Magnaghi, S.; Sciarra, G.; Barisano, A.; Fiorentino, M. L.; Berri, A.; Bellinzona, M.; Robustelli Della Cuna, F. S.; Frigerio, F.; Schiavi, A.; Di Gregorio, L.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 192, No. 2, 02.12.1996, p. 163-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Minoia, C, Meroni, G, Aprea, C, Oppezzo, MC, Magnaghi, S, Sciarra, G, Barisano, A, Fiorentino, ML, Berri, A, Bellinzona, M, Robustelli Della Cuna, FS, Frigerio, F, Schiavi, A & Di Gregorio, L 1996, 'Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 192, no. 2, pp. 163-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05312-0
Minoia, C. ; Meroni, G. ; Aprea, C. ; Oppezzo, M. C. ; Magnaghi, S. ; Sciarra, G. ; Barisano, A. ; Fiorentino, M. L. ; Berri, A. ; Bellinzona, M. ; Robustelli Della Cuna, F. S. ; Frigerio, F. ; Schiavi, A. ; Di Gregorio, L. / Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas. In: Science of the Total Environment. 1996 ; Vol. 192, No. 2. pp. 163-182.
@article{5bc887e9d6be42ccac590a92745bb320,
title = "Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas",
abstract = "A study using individual dosimetry to evaluate the daily inhaled dose of sixteen aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in three groups of primary school children, living in three Italian towns with 50 000 inhabitants or less, (Treviglio-Lombardy; Poggibonsi-Tuscany; Valenza-Piedmont) is presented. The simultaneous use of two passive samplers (radial diffusion) for each child, for a 24 h period, determined both the indoor and indoor + outdoor environmental reference concentrations. We measured the urinary levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes for each child and hence determined the urinary reference values for BTEx. We also considered the possibility of using benzene in urine as a biomarker of environmental exposure of the general population to this xenobiotic. We evaluated how both the environmental and biological measures were influenced by the presence of smokers in the surveyed children's houses. For the group of children living in Poggibonsi, we considered the influence of the living area and the traffic density on environmental concentrations of benzene (indoor and indoor + outdoor).",
keywords = "environmental micropollutants, individual dosimetry, reference values, urban areas",
author = "C. Minoia and G. Meroni and C. Aprea and Oppezzo, {M. C.} and S. Magnaghi and G. Sciarra and A. Barisano and Fiorentino, {M. L.} and A. Berri and M. Bellinzona and {Robustelli Della Cuna}, {F. S.} and F. Frigerio and A. Schiavi and {Di Gregorio}, L.",
year = "1996",
month = "12",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05312-0",
language = "English",
volume = "192",
pages = "163--182",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental and urinary reference values as markers of exposure to hydrocarbons in urban areas

AU - Minoia, C.

AU - Meroni, G.

AU - Aprea, C.

AU - Oppezzo, M. C.

AU - Magnaghi, S.

AU - Sciarra, G.

AU - Barisano, A.

AU - Fiorentino, M. L.

AU - Berri, A.

AU - Bellinzona, M.

AU - Robustelli Della Cuna, F. S.

AU - Frigerio, F.

AU - Schiavi, A.

AU - Di Gregorio, L.

PY - 1996/12/2

Y1 - 1996/12/2

N2 - A study using individual dosimetry to evaluate the daily inhaled dose of sixteen aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in three groups of primary school children, living in three Italian towns with 50 000 inhabitants or less, (Treviglio-Lombardy; Poggibonsi-Tuscany; Valenza-Piedmont) is presented. The simultaneous use of two passive samplers (radial diffusion) for each child, for a 24 h period, determined both the indoor and indoor + outdoor environmental reference concentrations. We measured the urinary levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes for each child and hence determined the urinary reference values for BTEx. We also considered the possibility of using benzene in urine as a biomarker of environmental exposure of the general population to this xenobiotic. We evaluated how both the environmental and biological measures were influenced by the presence of smokers in the surveyed children's houses. For the group of children living in Poggibonsi, we considered the influence of the living area and the traffic density on environmental concentrations of benzene (indoor and indoor + outdoor).

AB - A study using individual dosimetry to evaluate the daily inhaled dose of sixteen aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in three groups of primary school children, living in three Italian towns with 50 000 inhabitants or less, (Treviglio-Lombardy; Poggibonsi-Tuscany; Valenza-Piedmont) is presented. The simultaneous use of two passive samplers (radial diffusion) for each child, for a 24 h period, determined both the indoor and indoor + outdoor environmental reference concentrations. We measured the urinary levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes for each child and hence determined the urinary reference values for BTEx. We also considered the possibility of using benzene in urine as a biomarker of environmental exposure of the general population to this xenobiotic. We evaluated how both the environmental and biological measures were influenced by the presence of smokers in the surveyed children's houses. For the group of children living in Poggibonsi, we considered the influence of the living area and the traffic density on environmental concentrations of benzene (indoor and indoor + outdoor).

KW - environmental micropollutants

KW - individual dosimetry

KW - reference values

KW - urban areas

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030566878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030566878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05312-0

DO - 10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05312-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 8956525

AN - SCOPUS:0030566878

VL - 192

SP - 163

EP - 182

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

IS - 2

ER -