Indicatori ambientali nello studio EpiAir2: I dati di qualità dell'aria per la sorveglianza epidemiologica

Translated title of the contribution: Environmental indicators in EpiAir2 project: Air quality data for epidemiological surveillance

Martina Gandini, Giovanna Berti, Giorgio Cattani, Annunziata Faustini, Cecilia Scarinzi, Francesca De Donato, Gabriele Accetta, Lorenzo Angiuli, Salvatore Caldara, Giulia Carreras, Patrizia Casale, Katiuscia Di Biagio, Simone Giannini, Cinzia Iuzzolino, Guido Lanzani, Paolo Lauriola, Paola Leuci, Marika Mariuz, Stefano Marchesi, Alessandra NocioniSilvia Pistollato, Lorenzo Pizzi, Andrea Ranzi, Maria Serinelli, Emanuele Stagnaro, Luisa Vianello, Mariangela Vigotti, Stefano Zauli-Sajani, Ennio Cadum, Ester Rita Alessandrini, Paola Angelini, Antonello Antonelli, Pasquale Arena, Giorgio Assennato, Michela Baccini, Flavia Baldacchini, Sandra Baldacci, Marco Baldini, Vincenzo Baldo, Giuseppe Ballarino, Daniela Balzi, Ingrid Barban, Giulia Barbati, Fabio Barbone, Alessandro Barchielli, Simona Baroni, Roberta Barontini, Silvia Bartolacci, Sabina Bellodi, Massimo Berico, Annibale Biggeri, Luigi Bisanti, Marina Bonfanti, Anna Bonomolo, Laura Bonvicini, Matteo Bovenzi, Cecilia Brescianini, Serena Broccoli, Antonella Bruni, Roberta Calzolari, Enrica Canossa, Cristina Canova, Gianluca Caramia, Giovanna Casale, Claudia Casella, Anica Casetta, Achille Cernigliaro, Sonia Cerrai, Marco Cervino, Laura Cestari, Elisabetta Chellini, Monica Chiusolo, Giovanni Ciaccia, Fabio Cibella, Silvia Cocchio, Laura Crosetto, Francesco Cuccaro, Fulvio Daris, Gianfranco De Girolamo, Aldo De Togni, Anna Di Leo, Sara Di Lonardo, M. Patrizia Dessì, Andrea Evangelista, Fabio Faccini, Gaia Fallani, Francesco Forastiere, Roberto Fruzzetti, Claudia Galassi, Giovanni Gallo, Lorenza Gallo, Angela Ganzi, Elsa Garrone, Giulia Gatti, Bianca Gherardi, Emilio A L Gianicolo, Roberto Giua, Carlo Alberto Goldoni, Daniele Grechi, Mauro Grosa, Nicola Guerrini, Maurizio Impallomeni, Claudia Iuzzolino, Teresa La Torretta, Fernando Luberto, Andrea Lupi, Giuseppe Madonia, Sara Maio, Antonella Malaguti, Cristina Mangia, Mauro Mariottini, Alfredo Marotta, Andrea Martini, Micaela Menegotto, Fabrizio Merlo, Enrica Migliore, Sante Minerba, Fabrizio Minichilli, Mihaela Mircea, Caterina Morassuto, Daniela Nuvolone, Roberto Nuzzi Giuseppe Onorati, Gabriella Padolecchia, Barbara Palazzi, Paolo Pandolfi, Stefano Parodi, Paolo Pasetti, Alessandro Pensato, Antonio Piersanti, Cinzia Piovesan, Renato Pizzuti, Sebastiano Pollina Addario, Loredana Porcaro, Mariangela Protti, Antonella Puppo, Mauro Raciti, Giorgia Randi, Maria Rosa, Giovanna Rubini, Fabrizio Sacco, Michele Santoro, Giuseppe Sarno, Danila Scala, Salvatore Scondotto, Vittorio Selle, Rita Simeoni, Lorenzo Simonato, Marzia Simoni, Giuseppe Spagnolo, Massimo Stafoggia, Gianpiero Starnino, Elisa Stivanello, Riccardo Tominz, Francesco Troiano, Marina Vercelli, Giovanni Viegi, Maria Angela Vigotti, Cristina Volta, Gabriele Zanini, Francesco Zero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: construction of environmental indicators of air pollution suitable for epidemiological surveillance in 25 Italian cities for EpiAir2 project (2006-2010) and presentation of the results from a 10 years of surveillance system (2001-2010) in 10 Italian cities. DESIGN: data on particulate matter (PM10 and its fine fraction PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3), measured in the 2006-2010 calendar period, were collected. Meteorological data needed to estimate unbiased measures of the effect of pollutants are: temperature, relative humidity (estimated "apparent temperature"), and barometric pressure. In continuity with the previous EpiAir project, the same criteria for the selection of monitoring stations were applied and standard methods to estimate daily environmental indicators were used. Furthermore, it was checked the adequacy of the selected data to represent the population exposure. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: EpiAir2 project, relativetothe period 2006-2010, involves the cities of Milano, Mestre-Venezia, Torino, Bologna, Firenze, Pisa, Roma, Taranto, Cagliari, and Palermo, already included in the previous study. The city of Treviso, Trieste, Padova, Rovigo, Piacenza, Parma, Ferrara, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Genova, Rimini, Ancona, Bari, Brindisi, and Napoli are added to the previous group. RESULTS: particulate matter concentrations have decreased in most cities during the study period, while concentrations of NO2 and ozone do not show a similar clear trend. The analysis of the trend showed annual mean values of PM10 higher than 40 μg/m3 in some areas of the Po Valley, and annual mean values of NO2 higher than 40 μg/m3 in the cities of Trieste, Milano, Padova, Torino, Modena, Bologna, Roma, and Napoli. CONCLUSION: the enlargement of the EpiAir project to 13 other cities has highlighted critical issues related to the different geographical areas under study. Results of EpiAir2 project point out the need of a monitoring system of air pollution concentrations in both urban and industrial sites, in order to obtain reliable estimates of exposure for resident populations and to evaluate the related time trend.

Translated title of the contributionEnvironmental indicators in EpiAir2 project: Air quality data for epidemiological surveillance
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)209-219
Number of pages11
JournalEpidemiologia e prevenzione
Volume37
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Gandini, M., Berti, G., Cattani, G., Faustini, A., Scarinzi, C., De Donato, F., Accetta, G., Angiuli, L., Caldara, S., Carreras, G., Casale, P., Di Biagio, K., Giannini, S., Iuzzolino, C., Lanzani, G., Lauriola, P., Leuci, P., Mariuz, M., Marchesi, S., ... Zero, F. (2013). Indicatori ambientali nello studio EpiAir2: I dati di qualità dell'aria per la sorveglianza epidemiologica. Epidemiologia e prevenzione, 37(4-5), 209-219.