It is important, though difficult, to determine and measure the reproductive effects of parental exposure to environmental physical or chemical agents. While considerable data are avilable with reguard to pharmacological agents, other agents are less well studied. Drugs which are clearly teratogenic are well known, as are negative effects of x-rays, cigarettes, alcohol, heroine and cocaine. On the contrary, multicentre research efforts are needed in order to better appreciate, among others, the risk of exposure to chemicals on the worksite, of paternal exposure and of phytotherapy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Environmental risk factors in pregnancy|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Ricerca e Pratica|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas