Enzymes of lysosomal origin in plasma of twin neonates

G. Goi, A. B. Burlina, C. Bairati, A. Bordugo, V. Zanardo, F. Zacchello, G. Tettamanti, A. Lombardo

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The levels of some enzymes of lysosomal origin were assayed during days 2 and 5 of life in plasmas from 11 sets of twin neonates and from 25 neonates from single pregnancies (13 of weight appropriate for gestational age and 12 small for their gestational age) as controls. The plasma enzyme levels were also determined in the correspondent twin and control mothers 2 days after delivery. N-Acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase isoenzymes were assayed after chromatofocusing separation. All the plasma enzyme levels were higher in the group of twin neonates and of their mothers than in the respective control groups with differences highly statistically significant for two enzymes, β-d-galactosidase and α-d-glucosidase. In neonate plasma lysosomal enzymes are increased at the fifth day of life with respect to the second day. Full term control neonates showed the same enzyme trend. For the N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase the more significant differences concerned the isoenzyme I2-P (pregnancy). The pattern of the lysosomal enzymes in the twins resembled that of neonates of diabetic mothers who had had no insulin therapy. Since lysosomal enzymes are considered to be particularly sensitive indicators of carbohydrate metabolism abnormalities, we conclude that twin pregnancies are more at risk for these abnormalities than single ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 1993


  • Lysosomal enzymes
  • Neonates
  • Plasma
  • Twins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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