Studio epidemiologico sui residenti nella zona sudorientale del Comune di La Spezia.

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiologic study of the residents of the southeastern area of the Municipality of La Spieza

V. Fontana, R. Baldi, M. Franchini, P. Gridelli, M. Ceppi, U. Magnoni, R. Puntoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We carried out an epidemiologic study to assess the effect on human health of living in an area (Zona D) of La Spezia Municipality (Liguria Region, Italy). Zona D is characterized by the presence of factories, industrial plants, shipyards, a coal-fired power-station, a heavily trafficked thoroughfare and urban waste disposal sites. 230 households for target and control populations were randomly selected from Demographic Department files and surveyed by means of a structured questionnaire administrated by trained interviewers in order to obtain information on adverse health outcome prevalence in 1997 (subjective symptoms and other self-reported conditions) and incidence during 1980-1997 (self-reported diseases diagnosed by general practitioners). In addition, residential, housing, household, and individual characteristics were also gathered. Non-responding households totalled nearly 45%, but were homogeneously distributed by area. After adjustment for several confounders, people living in Zona D showed an increased relative risk (RR) of skin and mucous membrane symptoms (RR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.02-1.53) attributable to airborne pollutants produced by an incinerator located within a disposal site. A rising RR was also observed for anaemia occurrence in both cross-sectional (RR = 2.44, 95% CI = 1.08-5.48) and longitudinal (RR = 3.21, 95% CI = 1.52-6.72) settings. These last results are consistent with the presence of lead ground pollution due to a heavy metal processing plant located in the same area. Analysis of adverse reproductive effects and cause-specific incidence and mortality revealed no remarkable differences between the study groups.

Translated title of the contributionEpidemiologic study of the residents of the southeastern area of the Municipality of La Spieza
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalEpidemiologia e prevenzione
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000


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