Epidemiological and molecular assessment of a rubella outbreak in North-Eastern Italy

Pierlanfranco D'Agaro, Gianna Dal Molin, Emanuela Zamparo, Tatiana Rossi, Michele Micuzzo, Marina Busetti, Daniela Santon, Cesare Campello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

From January to June 2008, a rubella outbreak involving 111 laboratory confirmed cases occurred in the Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region of North-Eastern Italy. The outbreak occurred initially in two residential homes for young adults disabled mentally and physically. Subsequently, the epidemic spread to the general population. Young adult cohorts were mostly affected and the mean age of the patients was 26.8 years; the majority of cases were male (73.8%), with a mean age of 26.6 years in males and 27.4 in females. Three pregnant women had a primary infection and two had their pregnancies terminated. Genotyping of 16 isolates showed the circulation of RUBV 2B, a genotype originating from Asia and South Africa and now present in Europe. In addition, molecular analysis revealed a well defined space-temporal spread of two viruses showing distinct sequences. A seroepidemiological survey carried out in a city within the same geographical area showed that the proportion of women of childbearing age still susceptible to rubella virus was 5.5%, fairly close to the figure (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1976-1982
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume82
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Genotyping
  • Outbreak
  • Rubella
  • Seroepidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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