Background. The aim of this study was to evaluate the features of eating attitudes in adolescents, searching for possible correlation between eating behavior and affective disorders, anxiety and disturbance of body image. Methods. We used an anonymous self-administered questionnaire made of three sections: the first one regarding sociocultural information on parents; the second one related to stressful events (according to DSM IV); the last containing the following standardized questionnaires: Children Depression Questionnaire, Anxiety Scale Questionnaire, Multidimension Test for Self- Esteem, Eating Attitudes Test. The research was carried out in a group of 904 adolescents (from 13 to 20 years), attending high school. Results. Reading the attitude towards food we found the 5% of the subjects is definitely pathological (EAT>29) and 5.4% is borderline (EAT ranging from 20 to 29). We observed a statistically significant prevalence (p<0.00001) in females among the subjects with an abnormal eating attitude and a non-significant difference among age groups. In our sample 0.2% of adolescents presented the four criteria for diagnosis of clinical anorexia nervosa (according to DSM IV, elaborated by us in the 'Anorex' variable), 1.3% presented three of them and 5.3% two of them. Conclusions. Correlating the scores of EAT with there of CDQ and ASQ. It is evident that the subjects with abnormal eating behavior have an anxiety and depression level greater than subjects with a normal attitude. We observed, also, a significant correlation between disturbance of body image (TMA>85) and abnormal eating attitudes.
|Translated title of the contribution||Epidemiological aspects of eating disorders. Study on a group of 904 adolescents|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health