The real-world outcomes of patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) are largely unexplored. We investigated the trends in overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with de novo mPCa according to distinct time periods. The U.S. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Research Data (2000–2017) were analyzed using the SEER*Stat software. The Kaplan– Meier method and Cox regression were used. Patients with de novo mPCa were allocated to three cohorts based on the year of diagnosis: A (2000–2003), B (2004–2010), and C (2011–2014). The maximum follow-up was fixed to 5 years. Overall, 26,434 patients were included. Age, race, and metastatic stage (M1) significantly affected OS and CSS. After adjustment for age and race, patients in Cohort C showed a 9% reduced risk of death (hazard ratio (HR): 0.91 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.87–0.95), p < 0.001) and an 8% reduced risk of cancer-specific death (HR: 0.92 (95% CI 0.88–0.96), p < 0.001) compared with those in Cohort A. After adjustment for age, race, and metastatic stage, patients in Cohort C showed an improvement in OS and CSS compared with Cohort B (HR: 0.94 (95% CI 0.91–0.97), p = 0.001; HR: 0.89 (95% CI 0.85–0.92), p < 0.001). Patients with M1c disease had a more pronounced improvement in OS and CSS compared with the other stages. No differences were found between Cohorts B and C. In conclusion, the real-world survival of de novo mPCa remains poor, with a median OS and CSS improvement of only 4 months in the latest years.
- Prostatic neoplasms/epidemiology
- Prostatic neoplasms/mortality
- SEER Program
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research