Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders whose etiology is multifactorial including both hereditary and environmental factors. Currently, pathogenic mutations in at least five genes have been implicated in familial PD generally accounting for less than 10 % of all PD cases in most populations. It has been suggested that polymorphisms in other genes such as those encoding enzymes involved in oxidative metabolism and detoxification could be involved in predisposition to PD since oxidative stress in dopaminergic neurons is thought to be of central importance in the pathogenesis of the disease. The aim of our work was to study the association of genetic polymorphisms in genes involved in oxidative metabolism and detoxification mechanism, namely GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, and those involved in DNA damage repair, OGG1 and XRCC1, in an Italian cohort of sporadic PD patients. We did not detect any association between GSTT1 and GTTM1 null polymorphisms and PD, whereas the 104GSTP1 polymorphism was associated with PD in male patients but not in females. Furthermore, we detected a protective effect of wild type genotype of XRCC1 in women.
- Gene polymorphisms
- Parkinson disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology