Epidemiology and risk factors of pneumonia in critically ill patients

P. Mosconi, M. Langer, M. Cigada, M. Mandelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Risk factors for pneumonia were analysed in a large population of critically ill patients, collected in two prospective multicentre "pneumonia studies" in Italy. Twenty-three intensive care units were involved and the study time was 150 unit months. Only patients without previous pulmonary infection, with intensive care unit stay ≥ 48 hours and no rapidly irreversible illness at admission were included. The incidence of pneumonia in the 1475 selected patients was 15% (220 cases). 239 patients died in ICU; the mortality rate was significantly higher in patients developing pneumonia (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-327
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1991


  • Intensive care unit
  • Mortality
  • Pneumonia
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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