Epidemiology of CKD regression in patients under nephrology care

Silvio Borrelli, Daniela Leonardis, Roberto Minutolo, Paolo Chiodini, Luca De Nicola, Ciro Esposito, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali, Giuseppe Conte

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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) regression is considered as an infrequent renal outcome, limited to early stages, and associated with higher mortality. However, prevalence, prognosis and the clinical correlates of CKD regression remain undefined in the setting of nephrology care. This is a multicenter prospective study in 1418 patients with established CKD (eGFR: 60-15 ml/min/1.73m2) under nephrology care in 47 outpatient clinics in Italy from a least one year. We defined CKD regressors as a ΔGFR ≥0 ml/min/1.73 m2/year. ΔGFR was estimated as the absolute difference between eGFR measured at baseline and at follow up visit after 18-24 months, respectively. Outcomes were End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and overall-causes Mortality.391 patients (27.6%) were identified as regressors as they showed an eGFR increase between the baseline visit in the renal clinic and the follow up visit. In multivariate regression analyses the regressor status was not associated with CKD stage. Low proteinuria was the main factor associated with CKD regression, accounting per se for 48% of the likelihood of this outcome. Lower systolic blood pressure, higher BMI and absence of autosomal polycystic disease (PKD) were additional predictors of CKD regression. In regressors, ESRD risk was 72% lower (HR: 0.28; 95% CI 0.14-0.57; p

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0140138
JournalPLoS One
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 13 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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    Borrelli, S., Leonardis, D., Minutolo, R., Chiodini, P., De Nicola, L., Esposito, C., Mallamaci, F., Zoccali, C., & Conte, G. (2015). Epidemiology of CKD regression in patients under nephrology care. PLoS One, 10(10), [e0140138]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140138