Epidemiology of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

Carol S. Camfield, Pasquale Striano, Peter R. Camfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a widely recognized presumed genetic, electroclinical idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome. The prevalence of JME in large cohorts has been estimated to be 5% to 10% of all epilepsies and around 18% of idiopathic generalized epilepsies but may be lower in some settings. There is a marked female predominance. However, some of the basic epidemiology of JME is not well known, possibly because the syndrome is not sharply defined. A questionnaire study about the diagnostic criteria for JME suggests that diagnosis of JME can be made with the history of myoclonus plus a single generalized tonic-clonic seizure plus generalized fast spike-waves or polyspike-waves on the EEG. However, until these diagnostic criteria are fully accepted, the detailed epidemiology of JME will remain imprecise.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Epilepsy
  • Idiopathic generalized epilepsy
  • Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology

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