Epidemiologia delle alterazioni muscolo-scheletriche da sovraccarico biomeccanico del rachide nella movimentazione manuale di pazienti

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiology of musculoskeletal alterations due to biomechanical overload of the spine in manual lifting of patients

L. Bordini, G. De Vito, G. Molteni, S. Boccardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The painful lumbosacral symptoms associated with manual lifting by nursing staff constitutes an increasingly important problem in Occupational Health. This category of workers is in fact particularly exposed to risk situations involving the lumbar region of the spine, due especially to the extreme variability of work on the shift, the nature of what is lifted and not always sufficient knowledge and proper performance of the movements. On the basis of a review of a series of studies made on this topic, it was possible to assess the incidence and prevalence of low back pain in selected populations and identify the postural risk to which nursing staff are exposed at work, stressing also the importance of a correct knowledge of manual lifting techniques, frequency and mode of performing them, and the psychological aspects (perception of the intensity of tasks and osteoarticular strain). It was also observed that the data on painful lumbosacral symptoms were underestimated due to the type of epidemiological investigations carried out (mostly cross-sectional) and that comparison of the data proposed was often difficult due to the different criteria of evaluation used to classify the painful symptoms and also to the various epidemiological parameters used (incidence, cumulative incidence, prevalence).

Translated title of the contributionEpidemiology of musculoskeletal alterations due to biomechanical overload of the spine in manual lifting of patients
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)103-116
Number of pages14
JournalMedicina del Lavoro
Volume90
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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