Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: Western Europe

Minerva Laranjo-González, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, Alberto Allepuz, Smaragda Sotiraki, Annette Abraham, Mariana Boaventura Afonso, Joachim Blocher, Luís Cardoso, José Manuel Correia Da Costa, Pierre Dorny, Sarah Gabriël, Jacinto Gomes, María Ángeles Gómez-Morales, Pikka Jokelainen, Miriam Kaminski, Brane Krt, Pascal Magnussen, Lucy J. Robertson, Veronika SchmidtErich Schmutzhard, G. Suzanne A. Smit, Barbara Šoba, Christen Rune Stensvold, Jože Starič, Karin Troell, Aleksandra Vergles Rataj, Madalena Vieira-Pinto, Manuela Vilhena, Nicola Ann Wardrop, Andrea S. Winkler, Veronique Dermauw

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals. Additionally, data about disease occurrence were actively sought by contacting local experts in the different countries. Results: Taeniosis cases were found in twelve out of eighteen countries in western Europe. No cases were identified in Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. For Denmark, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and the UK, annual taeniosis cases were reported and the number of detected cases per year ranged between 1 and 114. Detected prevalences ranged from 0.05 to 0.27%, whereas estimated prevalences ranged from 0.02 to 0.67%. Most taeniosis cases were reported as Taenia spp. or T. saginata, although T. solium was reported in Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal and the UK. Human cysticercosis cases were reported in all western European countries except for Iceland, with the highest number originating from Portugal and Spain. Most human cysticercosis cases were suspected to have acquired the infection outside western Europe. Cases of T. solium in pigs were found in Austria and Portugal, but only the two cases from Portugal were confirmed with molecular methods. Germany, Spain and Slovenia reported porcine cysticercosis, but made no Taenia species distinction. Bovine cysticercosis was detected in all countries except for Iceland, with a prevalence based on meat inspection of 0.0002-7.82%. Conclusions: Detection and reporting of taeniosis in western Europe should be improved. The existence of T. solium tapeworm carriers, of suspected autochthonous cases of human cysticercosis and the lack of confirmation of porcine cysticercosis cases deserve further attention. Suspected cases of T. solium in pigs should be confirmed by molecular methods. Both taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be notifiable and surveillance in animals should be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number349
JournalParasites and Vectors
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 21 2017

Fingerprint

Cysticercosis
Taenia solium
Portugal
Epidemiology
Taenia saginata
Slovenia
Iceland
Spain
Swine
Taenia
Denmark
Parasites
Luxembourg
Literature
Cestoda
Austria
Zoonoses
Norway
Switzerland
Ireland

Keywords

  • Bovine cysticercosis
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Porcine cysticercosis
  • Taenia saginata
  • Taenia solium
  • Taeniasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Laranjo-González, M., Devleesschauwer, B., Trevisan, C., Allepuz, A., Sotiraki, S., Abraham, A., ... Dermauw, V. (2017). Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: Western Europe. Parasites and Vectors, 10(1), [349]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2280-8

Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review : Western Europe. / Laranjo-González, Minerva; Devleesschauwer, Brecht; Trevisan, Chiara; Allepuz, Alberto; Sotiraki, Smaragda; Abraham, Annette; Afonso, Mariana Boaventura; Blocher, Joachim; Cardoso, Luís; Correia Da Costa, José Manuel; Dorny, Pierre; Gabriël, Sarah; Gomes, Jacinto; Gómez-Morales, María Ángeles; Jokelainen, Pikka; Kaminski, Miriam; Krt, Brane; Magnussen, Pascal; Robertson, Lucy J.; Schmidt, Veronika; Schmutzhard, Erich; Smit, G. Suzanne A.; Šoba, Barbara; Stensvold, Christen Rune; Starič, Jože; Troell, Karin; Rataj, Aleksandra Vergles; Vieira-Pinto, Madalena; Vilhena, Manuela; Wardrop, Nicola Ann; Winkler, Andrea S.; Dermauw, Veronique.

In: Parasites and Vectors, Vol. 10, No. 1, 349, 21.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Laranjo-González, M, Devleesschauwer, B, Trevisan, C, Allepuz, A, Sotiraki, S, Abraham, A, Afonso, MB, Blocher, J, Cardoso, L, Correia Da Costa, JM, Dorny, P, Gabriël, S, Gomes, J, Gómez-Morales, MÁ, Jokelainen, P, Kaminski, M, Krt, B, Magnussen, P, Robertson, LJ, Schmidt, V, Schmutzhard, E, Smit, GSA, Šoba, B, Stensvold, CR, Starič, J, Troell, K, Rataj, AV, Vieira-Pinto, M, Vilhena, M, Wardrop, NA, Winkler, AS & Dermauw, V 2017, 'Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: Western Europe', Parasites and Vectors, vol. 10, no. 1, 349. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2280-8
Laranjo-González M, Devleesschauwer B, Trevisan C, Allepuz A, Sotiraki S, Abraham A et al. Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: Western Europe. Parasites and Vectors. 2017 Jul 21;10(1). 349. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2280-8
Laranjo-González, Minerva ; Devleesschauwer, Brecht ; Trevisan, Chiara ; Allepuz, Alberto ; Sotiraki, Smaragda ; Abraham, Annette ; Afonso, Mariana Boaventura ; Blocher, Joachim ; Cardoso, Luís ; Correia Da Costa, José Manuel ; Dorny, Pierre ; Gabriël, Sarah ; Gomes, Jacinto ; Gómez-Morales, María Ángeles ; Jokelainen, Pikka ; Kaminski, Miriam ; Krt, Brane ; Magnussen, Pascal ; Robertson, Lucy J. ; Schmidt, Veronika ; Schmutzhard, Erich ; Smit, G. Suzanne A. ; Šoba, Barbara ; Stensvold, Christen Rune ; Starič, Jože ; Troell, Karin ; Rataj, Aleksandra Vergles ; Vieira-Pinto, Madalena ; Vilhena, Manuela ; Wardrop, Nicola Ann ; Winkler, Andrea S. ; Dermauw, Veronique. / Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review : Western Europe. In: Parasites and Vectors. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals. Additionally, data about disease occurrence were actively sought by contacting local experts in the different countries. Results: Taeniosis cases were found in twelve out of eighteen countries in western Europe. No cases were identified in Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. For Denmark, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and the UK, annual taeniosis cases were reported and the number of detected cases per year ranged between 1 and 114. Detected prevalences ranged from 0.05 to 0.27{\%}, whereas estimated prevalences ranged from 0.02 to 0.67{\%}. Most taeniosis cases were reported as Taenia spp. or T. saginata, although T. solium was reported in Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal and the UK. Human cysticercosis cases were reported in all western European countries except for Iceland, with the highest number originating from Portugal and Spain. Most human cysticercosis cases were suspected to have acquired the infection outside western Europe. Cases of T. solium in pigs were found in Austria and Portugal, but only the two cases from Portugal were confirmed with molecular methods. Germany, Spain and Slovenia reported porcine cysticercosis, but made no Taenia species distinction. Bovine cysticercosis was detected in all countries except for Iceland, with a prevalence based on meat inspection of 0.0002-7.82{\%}. Conclusions: Detection and reporting of taeniosis in western Europe should be improved. The existence of T. solium tapeworm carriers, of suspected autochthonous cases of human cysticercosis and the lack of confirmation of porcine cysticercosis cases deserve further attention. Suspected cases of T. solium in pigs should be confirmed by molecular methods. Both taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be notifiable and surveillance in animals should be improved.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review

T2 - Western Europe

AU - Laranjo-González, Minerva

AU - Devleesschauwer, Brecht

AU - Trevisan, Chiara

AU - Allepuz, Alberto

AU - Sotiraki, Smaragda

AU - Abraham, Annette

AU - Afonso, Mariana Boaventura

AU - Blocher, Joachim

AU - Cardoso, Luís

AU - Correia Da Costa, José Manuel

AU - Dorny, Pierre

AU - Gabriël, Sarah

AU - Gomes, Jacinto

AU - Gómez-Morales, María Ángeles

AU - Jokelainen, Pikka

AU - Kaminski, Miriam

AU - Krt, Brane

AU - Magnussen, Pascal

AU - Robertson, Lucy J.

AU - Schmidt, Veronika

AU - Schmutzhard, Erich

AU - Smit, G. Suzanne A.

AU - Šoba, Barbara

AU - Stensvold, Christen Rune

AU - Starič, Jože

AU - Troell, Karin

AU - Rataj, Aleksandra Vergles

AU - Vieira-Pinto, Madalena

AU - Vilhena, Manuela

AU - Wardrop, Nicola Ann

AU - Winkler, Andrea S.

AU - Dermauw, Veronique

PY - 2017/7/21

Y1 - 2017/7/21

N2 - Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals. Additionally, data about disease occurrence were actively sought by contacting local experts in the different countries. Results: Taeniosis cases were found in twelve out of eighteen countries in western Europe. No cases were identified in Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. For Denmark, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and the UK, annual taeniosis cases were reported and the number of detected cases per year ranged between 1 and 114. Detected prevalences ranged from 0.05 to 0.27%, whereas estimated prevalences ranged from 0.02 to 0.67%. Most taeniosis cases were reported as Taenia spp. or T. saginata, although T. solium was reported in Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal and the UK. Human cysticercosis cases were reported in all western European countries except for Iceland, with the highest number originating from Portugal and Spain. Most human cysticercosis cases were suspected to have acquired the infection outside western Europe. Cases of T. solium in pigs were found in Austria and Portugal, but only the two cases from Portugal were confirmed with molecular methods. Germany, Spain and Slovenia reported porcine cysticercosis, but made no Taenia species distinction. Bovine cysticercosis was detected in all countries except for Iceland, with a prevalence based on meat inspection of 0.0002-7.82%. Conclusions: Detection and reporting of taeniosis in western Europe should be improved. The existence of T. solium tapeworm carriers, of suspected autochthonous cases of human cysticercosis and the lack of confirmation of porcine cysticercosis cases deserve further attention. Suspected cases of T. solium in pigs should be confirmed by molecular methods. Both taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be notifiable and surveillance in animals should be improved.

AB - Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals. Additionally, data about disease occurrence were actively sought by contacting local experts in the different countries. Results: Taeniosis cases were found in twelve out of eighteen countries in western Europe. No cases were identified in Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. For Denmark, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and the UK, annual taeniosis cases were reported and the number of detected cases per year ranged between 1 and 114. Detected prevalences ranged from 0.05 to 0.27%, whereas estimated prevalences ranged from 0.02 to 0.67%. Most taeniosis cases were reported as Taenia spp. or T. saginata, although T. solium was reported in Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal and the UK. Human cysticercosis cases were reported in all western European countries except for Iceland, with the highest number originating from Portugal and Spain. Most human cysticercosis cases were suspected to have acquired the infection outside western Europe. Cases of T. solium in pigs were found in Austria and Portugal, but only the two cases from Portugal were confirmed with molecular methods. Germany, Spain and Slovenia reported porcine cysticercosis, but made no Taenia species distinction. Bovine cysticercosis was detected in all countries except for Iceland, with a prevalence based on meat inspection of 0.0002-7.82%. Conclusions: Detection and reporting of taeniosis in western Europe should be improved. The existence of T. solium tapeworm carriers, of suspected autochthonous cases of human cysticercosis and the lack of confirmation of porcine cysticercosis cases deserve further attention. Suspected cases of T. solium in pigs should be confirmed by molecular methods. Both taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be notifiable and surveillance in animals should be improved.

KW - Bovine cysticercosis

KW - Neurocysticercosis

KW - Porcine cysticercosis

KW - Taenia saginata

KW - Taenia solium

KW - Taeniasis

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