Epigenetic mechanisms of hyperglycemic memory

Chiara Cencioni, Francesco Spallotta, Simona Greco, Fabio Martelli, Andreas M. Zeiher, Carlo Gaetano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recently the concept emerged that prolonged exposure to altered metabolic conditions, including hyperglycemia, may epigenetically imprint human cells permitting vertical or horizontal transfer to "descendants". Although mechanistically ill understood, the hyperglycemic/epigenetic memory may represent one of the major limitations for the application of cell therapy to treatment of chronic heart disease where a relatively prolonged period of ex vivo cellular expansion is required. Hyperglycemic memory, in fact, seems to contribute to the establishment of an epigenetic "reminiscence" of the altered metabolic state, to which, cells from diseased bodies have been exposed. This review summarizes the most relevant concepts and observations about the mechanisms underlying the onset of stable information inside the epigenome leading to the development of a diseased phenotype. Special attention is given to epigenetic drugs and how they have been used in experimental, preclinical and clinical settings to treat dysmetabolism, diabetes and their complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-158
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetics
  • Histone acetylation
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hyperglycemic memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epigenetic mechanisms of hyperglycemic memory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this