PURPOSE: Gluten-related disorders (GRDs) are a group of immune-mediated diseases often associated to neurologic manifestations. Epilepsies with cerebral calcifications, with or without coeliac disease (CD), are rare neurological disorders characterized by childhood-onset focal seizures, often refractory to antiepileptic drugs. Transglutaminase 6 antibodies (anti-TG6) have been considered a biomarker for gluten-related ataxia and neuropathy, but their prevalence in epilepsies with cerebral calcifications is unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate anti-TG6 prevalence in patients with epilepsies and cerebral calcifications.
METHOD: this was a cross-sectional study conducted at five Italian epilepsy centres. The following groups were included. Group 1: nine patients with CD, posterior cerebral calcifications and epilepsy (CEC); group 2: nine patients with epilepsy and posterior cerebral calcifications, without CD; group 3: twenty patients with focal epilepsy of unknown etiology; group 4: twenty-two healthy controls (HC). All subjects were tested for serological evidence of anti-TG6 IgA and IgG. Differences among groups were analysed using χ ² test.
RESULTS: anti-TG6 were present in 1/9 subjects (11%) of group 1, 2/9 subjects (22%) of group 2, 0/20 subjects in group 3, 3/22 (13.6%) of HC. No significant difference was found among the 4 groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Anti-TG6 do not seem to be associated to epilepsies with cerebral calcifications.