Epidemiological surveys have shown that the prevalence of epilepsy among mentally retarded and/or physically handicapped patients is high, especially when the etiology of the neurodeficit is postnatal. Conversely, a significant number patients with childhood epilepsy present with a significant physical and/or mental deficit. Several conditions of which epilepsy and neurodeficit are associated features are being more commonly diagnosed nowadays, e.g. focal or diffuse cortical dysplasias, tuberous sclerosis, the fragile X syndrome. The prognosis of epilepsy depends on the epileptic syndrome, and benign epilepsies may be found even in this population of mentally of physically handicapped patients. The accurate diagnosis of epileptic seizures and of the epileptic syndrome may be difficult in neurologically handicapped patients in the context of associated movement disorders or behavioural disturbances. The treatmewnt should focus on avoiding deleterious side-effects of medication that might increase the handicap and make the comprehensive care of these patients even more difficult.
|Translated title of the contribution||Epilepsy in encephalopathic and handicapped patients|
|Title of host publication||Bollettino - Lega Italiana contro l'Epilessia|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology